Tips

Wilson's brings you 101 "How To" Care Sheets to help you learn how to take care of your purchases. We hope you enjoy these and find them useful.  If there is another topic that you think others would like to see more information about, please e-mail us your request to 4infoREMOVE_THIS@wilsonsgreenhouseREMOVE_THIS.ca.

Attract Butterflies

29.08.2014

Plant groups of the same plant rather than just single plants.  It is easier for the butterfly to see groups of flowers than a single flower.  Use different bright coloured plants that bloom at different blooming...[more]


Aerate Your Pond

29.08.2014

Aerating smaller ponds that contain fish is recommended so that the nitrogen levels caused by waste are deceased.Aeration, or adding air, can come from fountains, waterfalls, windmills, paddlewheels or from diffused...[more]


Build a Low Maintenance Pond

29.08.2014

1. Cover the bottom of your pond with well washed gravel, or add a few wheel barrows of gravel over the main drain. Lava rock is a good choice because it has a very irregular surface and the nooks and crannies in the lava rock...[more]


Cover Empty Spaces in the Garden

09.12.2014

For all the places in the yard where nothing seems to thrive. Try using perennial groundcovers as they are low maintenance plants that are best suited to the "no-grow zones".  These plants are invasive, ...[more]


Construct Your Water Garden

09.12.2014

Choose what type of pond to go with  Water gardens can be container gardens, above ground, or in-ground pond with either a pre-formed or flexible pond liner. Choose a good area for the pond.  Place it in...[more]


Construct a Rock Garden or Zen Garden

09.12.2014

You can build a Zen garden to accommodate any size from desktop to backyard sized. Create a mold for the sand or gravel using 2"x4"  lumber pieces, railroad ties, or any other type of wood. Make sure to...[more]


Construct a Pond

09.12.2014

Use a pre-formed pond liner or a flexible pond liner that you can shape into any shape. Use a garden hose to draw the shape you want on the ground. Line the hole with a layer of newspaper or old carpet to...[more]


Compost

09.12.2014

Compost is a "ready to use" organic matter used as a soil regenerator. Materials should be high in carbon and/or nitrogen. Avoid composting meat, bones, and dairy products, fats and oils, weeds and diseased plants,...[more]


Choose an Insecticide

09.12.2014

Before buying a insecticide, make sure that you really need one.  Sometimes, a few bugs won't harm your plants - or the bug is actually helpful. When choosing a pesticide, completely read the directions.  Only buy ...[more]


Choose a Mulch

09.12.2014

A mulch is any loose material, natural or man made, that is spread to control weed growth and/or retain soil moisture.  To control weed growth, we recommend using 6" of mulch.  Alternatively, you can use a ...[more]


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Divide a Perennial

09.12.2014

The purpose is to keep your perennials healthier. The time for division is dependent on the type of plant and the rate of growth. Best to divide in the spring, when the plants are actively growing their leaves, but not so much...[more]


Determine Winter Injuries on a Tree

09.12.2014

Please note that these are the most common types of injury.  If you are unsure of how your tree was affected, then make sure to call the University of Saskatchewan GardenLine or visit your nearest plant specialist. Any...[more]


Determine How Much Bulk Product You Need

09.12.2014

Measure the height, width and depth of your area in feet to determine the cubic footage of your project. Divide your cubic footage by 27 to determine total yardage needed. To be sure that you have enough product for your...[more]


Design Your Pond

09.12.2014

Determine how many plants and animals you want to house in your pond - this will determine the size of your pond.Create multiple drawings to determine what kind of pond you need - include the plants and the feature you want in...[more]


Design Your Hanging Basket

09.12.2014

Use three different types of plants. Use elegant decorative grasses, like dracaena and millet. Upright plants, like begonias or dahlias. Trailing plants, like petunias and vines. Use a slow release fertilizer like...[more]


Design Your Garden

09.12.2014

Remove anything that you do not want in your garden   Make sure to have your tools prepared for work and in an accessible location   Watch for clogged gutters and overflowing gutters Photograph your garden - you...[more]


Design a Landscape

09.12.2014

Try for a mixture unity, simplicity, balance, color, natural transition, line, proportion, and repetition in your landscape design. Create a central theme for your landscape to help create unity, consistency, and repetition in...[more]


Excavate for Patio Slabs

09.12.2014

Lay out the area by using a mason's line and powdered chalk to mark the outline. Use a straight edge to cut the sod you want to remove and puch down firmly to cut the sod. Dig a trench to desire level of excavation. Excavate...[more]


Force a Bulb

09.12.2014

Some bulbs will need to be chilled when forcing, but others don't.  Check your bulb to see the conditions it needs to be forced. Chilled bulbs should be kept in temperatures between 0-10 degrees Celsius, either in a garage...[more]


Fertilize your Vegetables and Herbs

09.12.2014

Add an all-purpose fertilizer according to package directions to your garden when planting. Try to use slow release organic fertilizers versus chemical fertilizers because slow release fertilizers are less expensive and ...[more]


Fertilize Your Lawn

09.12.2014

Begin fertilization in mid-May and try to fertilize three times in the growing season (about every six weeks). Only the first application of fertilizer should contain phosphorus as this matter stays in the ground for about a...[more]


Fertilize Trees and Shrubs

09.12.2014

You do not need to fertilize often because Mother Nature will take care of most of the fertilization. Trees: only need to fertilize below the level of grass roots, not closer than two to three feet away from the trunk. Shrubs:...[more]


Fertilize Annuals and Basket Stuffers

09.12.2014

Fertilize once or twice per growing season. Soil enriched with compost does not usually need any additional fertilization. Use a slow-release fertilizer to keep your plants healthy throughout the summer. Make sure to water...[more]


Fertilize a Rosebush

09.12.2014

Use a 10-10-10 or a 5-10-10 fertilizer for the first 2 fertilizations, and a 0-10-10 for the last one, just before the first frost. Feed 3 times a year - in the spring after right after pruning, when buds develop, 2 months...[more]


Fertilize a Perennial

09.12.2014

Fertilize regularly with a 5-10-5 fertilizer to prevent the soil being robbed from its natural fertility. Spread fertilizer in small rings around each plant in March.  Repeat fetilization every 6 weeks. Always water after...[more]


Grow and Care for Herbs

12.12.2014

Site Selection Be sure to prepare the soil by addingorganic matter like manure, peat moss, or compost into the soil in the fall.  Herbs require very fertile soil. Sun Herbs need about 8 hours of uninterrupted sunlight...[more]


Great Garden Design

12.12.2014

Choose two or three colors and spread them throughout your garden.  The more simplistic your garden, the better your garden will look. Base your garden's theme on the architecture of your home so both compliment each...[more]


Grade Your Yard

12.12.2014

Always check building regulations for your area before planning or beginning construction. Be sure to slope your lawn away from the house to prevent pooling around the house and possible flooding - your yard should drop 2-3 ...[more]


Get Rid of Pests and Wildlife

12.12.2014

If the deer are feeding on your plants, try planting Aster, Bleeding Heart, Daylily, or Sage. Use a mechanical barrier, like chicken wire, mesh, or fencing to block the entrances to flower gardens. Inflatable reptiles and...[more]


Get Rid of Ants

12.12.2014

Ants are attracted to sweets, so use a sweet-based ant bait, ant stakes, or ant sprays. Ants are attracted to moisture, so eliminate standing water in your flowerbeds, hoses, and downspouts. Because ants are very invasive and...[more]


Get Rid of Algae

09.12.2014

The cause of the algae is a direct cause of too many nutrients and too much sunlight, so you must reduce the amount of nutrients and sunlight available to your pond. Reduce sunlight by adding water plants, such as water lilies...[more]


Get Rid of Insects

12.12.2014

Garden Insects Try to minimize the use of chemical pesticides by using more environmentally friendly means of ridding your garden of insects. In the fall, remove or bury crop residues. During the growing season and into the...[more]


How to Plant a Tree or Shrub

28.05.2015

1)    Dig hole twice as deep and wide as the container it came in. 2)    In the bottom 1/3 of the hole add in topsoil, peat moss, manure/compost, and fertilizer.  3)     Apply...[more]


Hanging Baskets and Containers - Keeping them looking great

28.05.2015

1. Plant selection Be sure to pick plants or Baskets that suit your environment.  Know if the plants prefer sun or shade areas. 2. Maintaining your Hanging Basket If  planting a container or hanging basket make sure...[more]


Introduce a Fish to its New Home

12.12.2014

Transport the fish as quickly and carefully as you can to the place you want to keep them.  The fish will only survive for an hour or two at the most in the transport bag. Place the fish in the unopened bag on the pool...[more]


Install Patio Slabs

12.12.2014

Into the excavated site (see HOW TO: Excavate for Patio Slabs), lay 75mm of base gravel and level. Rake sand over the base course and spread into an even layer, about 25 mm deep. Start next to any fixed object and lay the...[more]


Install a Sprinkler System

12.12.2014

Be sure to mark all underground lines before starting your project.  Saskenergy will mark the lines for free given two business days. Stake where you want each sprinkler and use string to show where each pipe will...[more]


Install a Flower Bed

12.12.2014

Stake out around the edge of the proposed site. Depending on the size of the bed use either a shovel or a skidsteer to cut out in and along the bed.  You can use a soil test kit to figure if your soil is high quality (a...[more]


Install a Fence

12.12.2014

Make sure to talk to your neighbours and check building codes for fencing regulations. Place posts about four to eight feet apart. Space the posts so you can attach the fence boards without adjusting the width of the boards you...[more]


Install a Deck

12.12.2014

Before planning, make sure to check the building codes for your area.  Plan sufficiently so there are no surprises when building the deck. Slope the ground below your deck installation a minimum of 1/4" per foot so...[more]


Install a Driveway

12.12.2014

Be sure to plan well and thoroughly before building your driveway.  Check the building codes in your area before planning. You can create a basic slab driveway using sand, gravel, patio slabs, concrete, brick, or any other...[more]


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Myths About Ponds

12.12.2014

Predators will eat all of the fish - if you give your fish a hiding place, this should increase their odds for survival. Rocks and gravel make it difficult to clean the pond - rocks and gravel actually make it easier to clean...[more]


Mulch a Flowerbed

12.12.2014

Use grass clippings, wood chips , shredded bark, pine needles, or cocoa hulls to mulch. Apply the muslch in late spring after the last frost date.  If you apply the mulch too soon, the ground will not thaw properly. Spread...[more]


Mow a Lawn

12.12.2014

Proper cutting height is about three inches - the shorter you cut the lawn, the more frequently you should mow. A sharp mowing blade will ensure a clean cut for your lawn. During the summer, try to water your lawn the day...[more]


Maintain a Low Maintenance Pond

12.12.2014

1. The floating plants such as Water Hyacinths now have a large root system under them. It is advisable to periodically (once every six to eight weeks) pull them out of your pond and cut back the root system to only 1.5"...[more]


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Prune your Trees

12.12.2014

The purpose of pruning is to shape the hedge (trimming), to rejuvenate the plant, or to cut back a plant that is too large. The time to prune depends on the type of tree or shrub: Fruit and Shade trees should be pruned in March...[more]


Prune your Fruit Trees

12.12.2014

Prune to make the most of the sun, to set and ripen tasty fruit, and to repair the tree. Keep your pruning shears sharp. Prune roots and tops at planting time to establish the right shape. Establish the tree's most productive...[more]


Prune a Rosebush

12.12.2014

Prune in the late winter or early spring while the plant is still dormant. If you want the rosebush to continue blooming, prune spent blooms so that the bush can regenerate. Begin pruning from the base of the plant. Make cuts...[more]


Prune a Raspberry Bush

12.12.2014

SUMMER BEARING Prune the canes individually if the canes look like they are weak or dying after fruiting. Prune in the fall or early spring before new growth emerges. If the planting bed is too crowded with new shoots, prune...[more]


Prune a Perennial

12.12.2014

Remove spent flowers so that more blooms can occur. Cut back perennials in early spring to create bushy, late-blooming plants. The main goal for pruning flowers is to promote second growth, so try to prune immediately when...[more]


Prune a Bonsai Tree

12.12.2014

Check your plant for the optimal pruning times. Allow the tree time to recover after a severe pruning. Give most of your initial time to developing the tree's trunk. Remove problem branches as early as possible - branches that...[more]


Promote Tree Pollination

12.12.2014

Some fruit trees are self pollinating, where others need another tree of the same species to pollinate.  Check the directions attached to the tree or call the University of Saskatchewan GardenLine to determine if your...[more]


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Rid your Lawn of Mushrooms

12.12.2014

Fungicides are ineffective. Usually appear after prolonged or excessive rain. Control: Sweep or rake off the lawn. Remove buried material. Ensure balanced soil pH. Aerate annually. Water infrequently and deeply. Improving...[more]


Repot a Houseplant

12.12.2014

Water the plant for easier removal and less stress. Loosen the plant by tapping the sides and gently ease out. Carefully loosen the roots around the root ball (on the sides and base). Center the plant in a large container,...[more]


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Transplant Your Trees and Shrubs

12.12.2014

Move in the spring or fall - the plants will establish better if they are moved in the spring. Retain as much of the root system as possible. If the tree is three to four years old, then move with bare roots.  If the tree...[more]


Transplant a Tree

12.12.2014

Tie the branches loosely together. Dig a 2' trench around the tree at least 1' larger than the size of the tree. Once the trench is dug, carefully prune the roots that extend from the ball as you dig down. When the ball is...[more]


Transplant a Perennial

12.12.2014

The best time to transplant is September to help keep your perennials healthier. Soak well the day before transplanting. Make sure to have a spot chosen prior to dividing where the perennial can go - it will decrease the...[more]


Tips for Water Gardening

12.12.2014

Zones - certain depths of water which are associated with parameters such as light, oxygen, and wave action. Five Major Plant Groups: Marginal Plants - inhabit the edges of open water. Emergent Plants - grow in shallow...[more]


Transplant Roses

12.12.2014

Water the plant everyday for a week. Dig a receiving hole approximately eighteen inches wide and fifteen inches deep. Make sure the soil is rich in organic matter. Prune back the rose as much as possible. Dig a circle about...[more]


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Winterize a Water Plant

12.12.2014

Drain them of water, and keep cool in an unheated garage or similar area. Store in a black garbage bag with the top folded over so the plants can breathe. Check the plants every month, remove any debris or rotting material, and...[more]


Winterize a Tree or Shrub

12.12.2014

You must water evergreens well before the winter. Directions for watering: lay a soaker hose around the tree's drip line (the imaginary circle projected into the lawn by the outer ends of the branches, where most of the feeder...[more]


Winterize a Sprinkler System

12.12.2014

You will want to expel all the water from the sprinkler system. Air volume, not pressure is the most important element - use from 40-80 psi to blow out the system. If the sprinkler head stays up after the water is blown out,...[more]


Winterize a Rosebush

12.12.2014

Prune the bush to 3ft tall, cutting the outward facing buds. Remove smaller limbs, leaving 3-5 of the biggest canes. Pull off any leaves and tie the canes together using synthetic twine - start at the bottom and work up. Spray...[more]


Winterize a Perennial Herb Garden

12.12.2014

Remove dead plants and foliage to avoid disease. Only perennial herbs can be winterized, not annual herbs. Annual herbs can be brought inside for the winter, but some are deciduous and might lose their leaves. After winter,...[more]


Winterize a Perennial

12.12.2014

Remove any dead flowers and foliage. After a hard freeze, cut back all stems to ground level and add extra mulch. Ease up on watering in the early fall because water induces new growth. Remove any mulch away from the base of...[more]


Winterize a Lawn

12.12.2014

Do not fertilize in late fall. If the fall is dry, soak your lawn well before the winter, but wait until there is no chance the lawn will grow. Be sure to rake the lawn and keep it trimmed to five or six centimeters in height...[more]


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